Hybrid cars, electric vehicle, EV and HV.
Download free pdf books on EV (electric cars) HV (hybrid cars)
|Electric vehicle as of June 2019||Download ebook 2.5Mb|
|CRC hybrid cars free book||Download ebook 11.5MB|
|A Guide to electric car||Download pdf file 1MB|
|HV battery control systems||Download ebook 401KB|
|Hybrid an electric vehicle safety training program||Download ebook 30.4MB|
|NSC Electric vehicle program guide||Download ebook 1.17MB|
|A case study of tesla motor||Download pdf|
|A comparison of Different Battery Types for Electric Vehicles||Download pdf|
|Analysis of the Electric Vehicle Industry||Download pdf|
|Electric Vehicle technology brief||Download PDF|
|Hybrid and electric training solutions||Download PDF|
|Training for work on vehicles with high voltage systems||Download PDF|
|Electric vehicle setting a course for 2030||download PDF|
|challenges and opportunities for Electric Vehicle Adoption||Download PDF|
|A review on Electric Vehicle: Technologies and Challenges||Download PDF|
|Technology Roadmap for Tesla Motors sedan EV||Download PDF|
|Tesla motors case study||Download PDF|
|Tesla, the battery technology behind the wheel||Download pdf|
|MIL ON With DTC P0A80/P1AC000 and/or P0A7F/P1A8000 Due to Dust or Debris in the HV Battery Cooling Fan/Filter||Download pdf 720KB|
|TOYOTA PRIUS Plug-in Hybrid Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Synergy Drive||Download pdf 2.4MB|
|Hydrogen and fuel cell solutions for transportation||Download pdf 4.3MB|
|Hybrid Vehicle Safing Procedure for NiMh Battery Quick Training Guide QT013A||Download pdf 5MB|
|A Comprehensive Study of Key Electric Vehicle (EV) Components, Technologies, Challenges, Impacts, and Future Direction of Development||Download pdf 11MO|
|Hydrogen Fuel Cell Automobiles||Download pdf 105Ko|
|HYBRID BATTERY SYSTEM||Download pdf 2.3MO|
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV): Policy Advances to Enhance Commercial Success
|Download pdf 234KO|
|Electric and Hybrid Cars A History||PDF book 17MB|
|Electric powertrain energy systems, power electronics & drives for hybrid, electric & fuel cell vehicles||PDF book 25MB|
|GOVPUB-C13-hybrid electric||Pdf book 12MB|
|Power Train Engineering and Technology Modeling, Control, and Simulation||PDF book 51MB|
|Hybrid Electric AUTOMOTIVE final cs2||pdf book 14MB|
|Hybrid Vehicles and the Future of Personal Transportation||PDF book 11MB|
|Modern electric, hybrid electric, and fuel cell vehicles||PDF book 19MB|
|Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles Fundamentals, Theory, and Design, *Second Edition||PDF book 10MB|
|Build Your Own Electric Car Or Truck||PDF 02MB|
|Hybrid Vehicle Technologies||PDF 613Kb|
|LAND ROVER HYBRID FAQ GUIDE Interactive tcm281-129251||PDF 05MB|
|Hybrid Control of an Automotive RobotizedGearbox for Reduction of Consumptions and Emissions||PDF 01MB|
|Fundamentals of Hybrid cars Technology A hybrid vehicle is one that uses a combination of an internal combustion engine (ICE) and a battery-electric drive system to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. The most common type of hybrid car combines Gasoline ICE and Electric Motor||Download pdf file 49 pages / 2.3Mb|
Hybrid cars technology
A hybrid car combines two methods for the propulsion of a vehicle. Possible combinations include diesel/electric, gasoline/flywheel, and fuel cell/battery. Typically, one energy source is storage, and the other is the conversion of fuel to energy. The combination of two power sources may support two separate propulsion systems.
What are fuel cells? Broadly speaking, a fuel cell is an electrochemical reactor that converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant directly to electricity. More recently, the word fuel cell has been used almost exclusively to describe such a reactor using hydrogen as the primary source of energy. Hydrogen has a long history of being used as fuel for mobility.
More than 200 years ago, hydrogen was used in the very first internal combustion engines by burning the hydrogen itself, similar to burning gasoline today.
However, this did not prove to be quite successful, due to safety concerns as well as low energy density. Rather, in a modern fuel cell, hydrogen is a carrier of energy, by reacting with oxygen to form electricity.
The reaction between hydrogen and oxygen in a fuel cell
The reaction between hydrogen and oxygen is astoundingly simple, and can be represented by the following formula: 2H2 +O2 =2H2 O. 5 In a fuel cell, hydrogen and oxygen are introduced separately with hydrogen supplied to one electrode of the fuel cell and oxygen to the other. The two electrodes are separated by a material called the electrolyte, which acts as a filter to both stops the cell reactants from mixing directly with one another and to control how the charged ions created during the partial cell reactions are allowed to reach each other. Hydrogen molecules first enter the hydrogen electrode (called the anode) of the fuel cell.
The hydrogen molecules then react with the catalyst coating the anode, releasing electrons to form a positively charged hydrogen ion. These ions cross the electrolyte and reach the oxygen at the second electrode (called the cathode). The electrons, however, cannot pass the electrolyte. Instead, they flow into an electrical circuit, generating the power of the fuel cell system. At the cathode, the catalyst causes the hydrogen ions and electrons to bond with oxygen from the air to form water vapor, which is the only byproduct of the process.
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